Did you know that your diet during pregnancy will have an effect on your baby’s health, tastes, and preferences? Hence as soon as a woman gets to know she is pregnant, it is vital to make immediate changes to her diet and lifestyle. Healthy nutritious food along with a perfect routine of physical activity will definitely help to keep the baby and mother healthy in a long-term. What you eat for the next nine months of your pregnancy can impact your baby’s health as well as yours for decades to come.
Poor diet during pregnancy and its effects
Pregnant women need to follow a healthy and nutritious diet for optimal development of their baby. Although a timely treat to satisfy a pregnancy craving is generally alright, but too much junk food during pregnancy can be hazardous to both mother and baby.
- Neural Tube Defects and Low IQ
Folate and essential fatty acids are very important during pregnancy for the growth and development of the fetus. Lack of these essentials are associated with poor brain development and can also hinder the growth of the spine and spinal cord.
Pregnancy diet and nutrition plays a vital role during these nine months for the healthy development of the fetus and also for the mother. Hence, a proper and nutritious meal plan should be followed by the pregnant women which include all the vitamins, proteins, carbs, fats, minerals and other nutrients. Lack of this might lead to malnutrition among the babies.
- Heart diseases and hypertension
The pregnant woman who eats more of junk food, carbonated drinks, and other sugary items are at a risk to develop obesity for themselves as well as their babies. This will lead to increase in bad cholesterol levels and also spikes the blood sugar levels which can, in turn, be a reason to cause various heart diseases, breathing problems, obesity, diabetes and also hypertension among the babies.
- Underdeveloped bones
A lack of vitamin D can affect the growth and development of bones in fetuses and lack of vitamin K can hinder the development of the face and teeth and with mineral deposition in fetal bones. Minerals like calcium, zinc, iron, and iodine are vital for both the baby and the mother to have a full term pregnancy.
During pregnancy, eating a healthy and well-balanced diet which is low in saturated fats and rich in fresh fruits and vegetables is crucial. Some pregnancy foods include:
- Fortified Breakfast Cereal
- Dried Beans and Lentils
- Non-fat milk
- Leafy greens
- Whole grain bread
- Dry fruits and nuts
- Soy foods
- Sweet potatoes
- Greek yogurt
Poor health and nutrition during pregnancy directly affect a baby’s building blocks and its ill effects cannot be reversed. Pregnant women need to make sure that their diet provides enough nutrients for the baby to develop and grow healthily. They also need to make sure that her body is strong enough to deal with the changes that will occur.